About This Site

Figaro rips the innards out of things people say and reveals the rhetorical tricks and pratfalls. For terms and definitions, click here.
(What are figures of speech?)
Ask Figaro a question!

This form does not yet contain any fields.


    “He Had Suckled at My…Uh, This Is Off the Record.”

    TrentLott.jpgQuote: "Frist's actions amounted to a 'personal betrayal.' I had taken him under my wing." Former Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, complaining about his successor in a newly published memoir.

    Figure of Speech: mempsis (MEMP sis), the figure of reproach

    After 36 years on Capitol Hill, now Trent Lott discovers that politics can be nasty. After he made a few racist remarks at Strom Thurmond's 100th birthday party, Bill Frist snatched the majority-leader gig right out from under him. Lott's lament qualifies as a mempsis, a figure that figures most famously in the Book of Job.

    Will kvetching sell books? It worked for Job.

    Snappy Answer: "That'll teach you to trust a politician."

    Got a snappier answer? Email Figaro.


    The "P" Is Suing for Abandonment

    daddy-puff5.jpgQuote: "During concerts, half the crowd is saying 'P. Diddy', half the crowd is chanting 'Diddy'—now everybody can just chant 'Diddy.'" Hip-hop entrepreneur Sean "P. Diddy" Combs, who has shortened his stage name to "Diddy."

    Figure of Speech: Symploce (SIM plo see), the first-and-last repeater

    Never mind that Mr. Diddy called a press conference to announce the retirement of a single letter. By repeating the first and last words of consecutive clauses, he pulls off a perfectly rhythmic symploce. (It means "intertwining" in Greek.) He splits an imaginary audience in two and joins them in a third clause. And he slows the rhythm at the end with three monosyllabic words: "can, just, chant, Diddy."

    If more white people could talk like that, the world would be a better place.

    Snappy Answer (in the tradition of Beavis and Butthead): "Now you won't worry about your 'P' onstage."


    Can’t She Just Give Bush Some Money?

    cindy_s.jpgQuote:   “Why do you make time for donors and not for me?”  Sign held by Cindy Sheehan, whose son died in Iraq, while the president’s motorcade drove to a Republican fundraiser in Crawford, Texas

    Figure of Speech:   alloiosis (al oy OH sis), the this-isn’t-that figure

    Sheehan’s alloiosis (Greek for “difference”) gives the president two rotten choices:  Meet with her and legitimize her anti-war protest, or admit defeat and cancel the fundraiser.  Her figure is a form of antithesis, weighing opposites.  Bush himself favors this kind of black-or-white argument, because it makes subtler forms of reasoning look immoral.

    Snappy Answer:  None.  Sorry, Mr. President, for once you can’t win with an antithesis.  Express  your sympathies and hope the woman leaves.  You could fly back to Washington.  But our soldiers depend on a Commander in Chief who can vacation without flinching.


    Eat Right, Be a Stick Figure

    food_pyramid.gifQuote:   “We needed a symbol that maintained that 80 percent high recognition, that was motivational and conveyed some general messages.” Eric Hentges, the Agriculture Department official responsible for the new food pyramid.

    Terms:   Ethos, Pathos, Logos—the three basic forms of persuasion

    Are you as excited about the new food pyramid as we are? It cost $2.4 million to design and has rainbow colors, a stick figure, plus a staircase that means…something. They kept the pyramid because it’s recognizable, even though it no longer represents anything.  That’s using Ethos, the “character” part of persuasion.  We’re more likely to trust a brand we recognize.

    The little stick man gets our heart rate up just looking at him.  (Pathos, or argument by emotion).  Then there are the “general messages”—that’s Logos, rhetoric's rational side.  The main message seems to be a website, www.mypyramid.gov, where you can learn what the hell all this means.

    Snappy Answer:     “Two and a half million dollars could buy 860,000 Big Macs.”

    Got a snappier answer?  Email Figaro.


    Book: Billie Jean Not Jackson’s Lover

    michael-jackson.jpgQuote:  “They should be ashamed.  They’re the ones who let a pedophile go.”  Eleanor Cook, a juror who voted to acquit Michael Jackson and then wrote a book saying he was guilty.

    Term:  antirrhesis  (an ter REE sis), the “Oh, yeah?” argument

    Jackson jurors accuse Cook and another juror of cashing in on the Jackson case.  “They should be ashamed of themselves,” Susan Rentschler told the Reuters news agency.  Cook retaliated with an antirrhesis, a counter-argument that picks up an accuser’s rhetorical grenade and tosses it back. But Cook risks blowing herself up:  the vote to acquit was unanimous.

    Cook claims the foreman threatened to have her expelled from the jury unless she voted with the majority.  That's why she says she "caved."  Well, sure.  It would have killed the book deal!

    Snappy Answer:    “They all should have to sleep over at Neverland.”

     Got a snappier answer?  Email Figaro.


    Plus He Kicked a Dog When He Was Ten

    roberts_ad.jpgQuote:  “America can’t afford a justice whose ideology leads him to excuse violence against other Americans.” Abortion rights group Naral Pro-Choice America, in a TV ad attacking Supreme Court nominee John Roberts.

    Term:   “Straw man” fallacy.  Instead of dealing with the actual issue, find or make up something about your opponent that’s easy to attack.

    As an administration lawyer under the first Bush, Roberts argued that the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 doesn’t apply to anti-abortion protesters.  Naral says Roberts sided with “anti-choice extremists who use bombings and other forms of intimidation.” But the case had nothing to do with whether bombing clinics was a good thing.  Besides, Roberts was representing the views of his client, the president, not necessarily his own. 

    Dredging up a single case from more than a decade ago creates a “straw man.” It diverts attention from the central issue: Will Roberts make a good Supreme Court justice?

    Snappy Answer:   "Good thing Bush chose John Roberts, then!"

    Got a snappier answer?  Email Figaro.