Change, Swap and Invent
Figures that shift grammar or tense, change one thing for another, self-interrupt, or invent new words.
If you’d like your language with a twist, here are the most fruitful figures.
The verbing figure.
The "I’m there" figure. Ancient rhetoricians said it changed a case to make a point; Figaro uses it to change a tense.
The figure of swap.
The newly minted word.
The "like" figure.
The figure that swaps a descriptive phrase for a proper name, or vice versa.
Also see this.
The braided figure. It repeats a word with another word or two in between, usually with a different connotation.
The root repeater.
The scale-changing figure.
A repetition that modifies a word.
The idiot savant figure, named after the immortal Yogi Berra. (Also spelled yogism.)